Immunizations

Children Immunizations                           Adolescent Immunizations

Adults


Contrary to popular belief, adults require immunizations too! Some adults incorrectly assume that the vaccines they received as children will protect them for the rest of their lives. Generally this is true, except that:

  • Some adults were never vaccinated as children.
  • Newer vaccines were not available when some adults were children.
  • Immunity can begin to fade over time.
  • As we age, we become more susceptible to serious disease caused by common infections (e.g., flu, pneumococcus).
The Health Department conducts routine immunizations for adults depending on the individuals need.

The immunization clinic is held on Wednesdays from 1-4 pm.
Immunizations at the department may include some or all of the following:

Tetanus diphtheria / Tetanus diphtheria and pertussis (Td/Tdap)

Tetanus is an acute, often fatal disease that occurs worldwide. It affects the central nervous system, producing stiffness or muscular rigidity. Tetanus can be localized, with muscle contractions in the part of the body where the infection began, or it can be generalized, affecting the whole body. About 80 percent of reported tetanus cases are generalized. The incubation period ranges from 2 to 50 days, but symptoms usually occur 5 to 10 days after infection. The shorter the incubation period, the greater the chance of death.

Pertussis is a highly contagious respiratory tract infection. Although most children are protected against pertussis by vaccination during childhood, immunity wanes over time and leaves adolescents and adults unprotected.

Recommended vaccine schedule for all adults is once every ten years. In the event of an injury the vaccine may be administered at five-year intervals.

Hepatitis B (Hep B):

Hepatitis B is a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The virus can affect people of all ages. Some people are never able to rid themselves of the virus. This long-term or chronic HBV infection can lead to liver cirrhosis, liver cancer and death. The virus is found in the blood and body fluids of infected people and is most often spread among adults through sexual contact or by sharing needles and other drug paraphernalia with an infected person. HBV can also be spread in households of HBV-infected persons, or by passage of the virus from an HBV-infected mother to her infant during birth.

The recommended vaccine schedule for adults considered at risk is a series of three injections administered in the following manner:

  • An initial dose
  • Second dose 2 months following initial dose
  • One dose six months after the initial dose.

Hepatitis A (Hep A):

Hepatitis A, (formerly known as infectious hepatitis), is an acute infectious disease of the liver caused by Hepatitis A virus, which is most commonly transmitted by the fecal-oral route via contaminated food or drinking water. Every year, approximately 10 million people worldwide are infected with the virus The time between infection and the appearance of the symptoms, (the incubation period), is between two and six weeks and the average incubation period is 28 days.

The recommended vaccine schedule for adults considered at risk is a series of two injections administered in the following manner:

  • An initial dose
  • One dose six months after the initial dose.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV):

A human papillomavirus (HPV) is a papillomavirus that infects the skin and mucous membranes of humans. Approximately 130 HPV types have been identified. Some HPV types can cause warts (verrucae) or cancer, while others have no symptoms.

The recommended vaccine schedule for adults considered at risk is a series of three injections administered in the following manner:

  • An initial dose
  • Second dose 2 months following initial dose
  • One dose six months after the initial dose.

Influenza (Flu):

Influenza (the flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The best way to prevent the flu is by getting a flu vaccination each year. Every year in the United States, on average 5% to 20% of the population gets the flu; more than 200,000 people are hospitalized from flu complications, and; about 36,000 people die from flu. Some people, such as older people, young children, and people with certain health conditions, are at high risk for serious flu complications.

Vaccination against the influenza virus is recommended annually. These vaccinations are tailored to protect recipients against the most predominant influenza strains as determined by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Meningococcal:

Meningococcal disease is a severe bacterial infection of the bloodstream or meninges (a thin lining covering the brain and spinal cord) caused by the meningococcus germ.

Anyone can get meningococcal disease, but it is more common in infants and children. For some adolescents, such as first-year college students living in dormitories, there is an increased risk of meningococcal disease. Every year in the United States approximately 2,500 people are infected and 300 die from the disease. Other persons at increased risk include household contacts of a person known to have had this disease, immunocompromised people, and people traveling to parts of the world where meningococcal meningitis is prevalent.

Adult immunization fee schedule:

Although the Polk County Health Center does not have access to all adult vaccines free of charge, we are able to offer these vaccines at cost as illustrated below:

Vaccine Cost per Dose ($)

  • Hepatitis B $33
  • Hepatitis A $25
  • Twinrix (Hepatitis A and B) $45
  • Zostovax $ varies