Your children’s first vaccines protect them from 8 serious diseases, caused by viruses and bacteria. These diseases have injured and killed many children (and adults) over the years. Polio paralyzed about 37,000 people and killed about 1,700 each year in the 1950s before there was a vaccine. In the 1980s, Hib disease was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children under 5 years of age. About 15,000 people a year died from diphtheria before there was a vaccine. Most children have had at least one rotavirus infection by their 5th birthday.
None of these diseases has completely disappeared. Without vaccination, they will come back. This has happened in other parts of the world.
This is a bacterial infection you acquire from contact with an infected person. Signs and symptoms include a thick covering in the back of the throat that can make it hard to breathe. It can lead to breathing problems, heart failure, and death.
This bacterial infection occurs through a cut or wound. It does not spread from person to person. Signs and symptoms include painful tightening of the muscles, usually all over the body. It can lead to stiffness of the jaw, so the victim cant open
his mouth or swallow. It leads to death in about 1 case out of 5.
Pertussis (Whooping Cough):
This is a bacterial infection you acquire from contact with an infected person. Signs and symptoms include violent coughing spells that can make it hard for an infant to eat, drink, or breathe. These spells can last for weeks.
It can lead to pneumonia, seizures (jerking and staring spells), brain damage, and death.
Hib ( Haemophilus influenzae type b) :
This is a bacterial infection you acquire from contact with an infected person. There may be no signs or symptoms in mild cases. It can lead to meningitis (infection of the brain and spinal cord coverings); pneumonia; infections of the blood, joints, bones, and covering of the heart; brain damage; deafness; and death.
This is a viral infection of the liver contracted from contact with blood or body fluids of an infected person. Babies can get it at birth if the mother is infected,
or through a cut or wound. Adults can get it from unprotected sex, sharing needles, or other exposures to blood. Signs and symptoms include tiredness, diarrhea and vomiting, jaundice (yellow skin or eyes), and pain in muscles, joints and
stomach. It can lead to liver damage, liver cancer, and death.
This is a viral infection you acquire from close contact with an infected person. It enters the body through the mouth. Signs and symptoms can include a cold-like illness, or there may be no signs or symptoms at all. It can lead to paralysis (can’t move arm or leg), or death (by paralyzing breathing muscles).
A bacterial infection you can get it from contact with an infected person.
Signs and symptoms include fever, chills, cough, and chest pain. It can lead to meningitis (infection of the brain and spinal cord coverings), blood infections, ear infections, pneumonia, deafness, brain damage, and death.
This is a viral infection you acquire from close contact with an infected person. Signs and symptoms include severe diarrhea, vomiting and
It can lead to dehydration, hospitalization (up to about 70,000 a year), and death.
Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR):
The MMR vaccine is a “3-in-1” vaccine that protects against measles, mumps, and rubella — all of which are potentially serious diseases of childhood.
Chickenpox is a highly contagious illness caused by primary infection with varicella zoster virus (VZV). It generally begins with spots appearing in two or three waves, mainly on the body and head rather than the hands and becoming itchy raw pockmarks, small open sores which heal mostly without scarring.
Chickenpox has a 10-21 day incubation period and is spread easily through aerosolized droplets from the nasopharynx of ill individuals or through direct contact with secretions from the rash. Following primary infection
there is usually lifelong protective immunity from further episodes of chickenpox.
The Health Department provides childhood immunizations free of charge.